adapted from a design by George Bain based on the Book of Kells home Programme Bookings Shop The Wuffings .
Wuffing Education

The Magical Protection of Buildings

Timothy with the contents of a 17th – 18th century Suffolk Spiritual from Great Ashfield (EADT)

with Timothy Easton

at Tranmer House, Sutton Hoo (map)
on Saturday 4th November 2006

A day exploring how Suffolk builders and householders found ways to appease the fear of invasion by malign spirits in the home. Most of the evidence dates from the 16th century or later, but we shall see how some of the practices used have a much older history.

Provisional Programme
  10.00 Coffee on arrival  
  10.15 Using the archaeological record we will explore the methods used by Suffolk householders to protect themselves and their stock from evil spirits.  
  11.15 Coffee  
  11.30 An examination of the benefits of protection using scribed marks in the vulnerable parts of buildings such as doors, windows, and the chimney.  
  12.30 Lunch break  
  14:00 A look at more symbols from furniture and household utensils, especially those associated with the Virgin Mary before the Reformation and after.  
  15:00 Tea break  
  15:15 A consideration of the evidence for specialist protective magic in Suffolk houses and how it relates to continuing practices in other parts of the world.  
  16:15 Close  

About Timothy Easton

Timothy Easton is an artist and architectural historian who has lived in Suffolk since 1972. As a specialist in the use of historic colour he is a consultant for the Globe Theatre and the Getty Museum in London. He has been recording and collecting archaeological material associated with protective magic for buildings for many years and has pioneered the study of the magical protection of buildings.

Some suggestions for further reading
(useful but not essential)

Duffy, E., The Stripping of altars: Traditional Religion in England 1400-1580 (Yale 1992)
Hutton, R., The Rise and Fall of Merry England: the Ritual Year 1400-1700 (Oxford 1994)
Hutton, R., The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year (Oxford 1996)
Gaskill, M., Witchfinders: A Seventeenth-Century English Tragedy (Murray 2005)
Merrifield, R., The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic (Batsford 1987)
Oldridge, D., The Devil in Early Modern England (Sutton 2000)
Wilson, S., The Magical Universe: Everyday Ritual and Magic in Pre-Modern Europe (Hambledon 2000)


Please phone or email to check the availability of places and then send the application form and a cheque for £38, payable to Wuffing Education to:

Wuffing Education,
4 Hilly Fields,
Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 4DX
(tel : 01394 386498)

Email cliff AT
(replace 'AT' by '@' in order to send email - we used 'AT' to avoid spam robots automatically sending us emails)

Return to list of current Study Days


We have learnt of the fame of the Wuffing folk-lords of long ago, of how those wolf-kings held the ancestral land of East Anglia....
Updated 3 December, 2009
Website by
Adroit Solutions Ltd