adapted from a design by George Bain based on the Book of Kells home Programme Bookings Shop The Wuffings .
Wuffing Education

The Making of the East Anglian Landscape

Rainbow over Sutton Hoo, October 2004 (Sam Newton)

with Edward Martin

at Tranmer House, Sutton Hoo (map)
on Saturday 25th February 2006

This introduction to the landscape history of East Anglia will provide ways to read the complex and varied landscape that surrounds us today. It will examine the history of the elements that make up the landscape, particularly the way that the land was farmed and the patterns that result from particular farming systems.

We will start by looking at the physical background to the region, concentrating on the development of the landform, the drainage pattern and the soils. That natural landscape has, however, been transformed by millennia of human endeavour, so we will next examine the important part played in that transformation by ploughs and cultivation techniques. In the next session we will explore a way of analysing the landscape through the identification and designation of a number of ‘land types’ that relate to the way the land was used by our ancestors. In the afternoon we will take a detailed look at the landscape history of a number of places in East Anglia, applying the analysis techniques that were outlined earlier. The final session will examine some exciting new cultural patterns that have emerged through the study of the field systems of the region.

Provisional Programme
  10.00 Coffee on arrival  
  10.15 The physical landscape, soils and the cultivation of the land  
  11.15 Coffee  
  11.30 Analysing the landscape in terms of ‘land types’ such as common fields and greens  
  12.30 Lunch break  
  14:00 East Anglian case studies  
  15:00 Tea break  
  15:15 Patterns and cultural identities  
  16:15 Close  

About Edward Martin

Edward Martin has worked as an archaeologist with Suffolk County Council for many years, specialising in historic landscape studies. He co-edited An Historical Atlas of Suffolk (3rd edition published 1999) and has written a wide range of monographs and articles. He has recently completed a regional research project on the historic field systems of East Anglia for English Heritage (forthcoming monograph in the East Anglian Archaeology series). He is chairman of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History and of the Suffolk Gardens Trust.

Some suggestions for further reading
(useful but not essential)

Ashwin, T. & Davison, A. (eds), An Historical Atlas of Norfolk, Chichester 2005
Astill, G. & Grant, A. (eds), The Countryside of Medieval England, Oxford 1988
Astill, G. & Langdon, J. (eds), Medieval Farming and Technology. The Impact of Agricultural Change in Northwest Europe. NewYork & Cologne 1997.
Bailey, M. The English Manor c.1200-c.1500, Manchester University Press 2002
Baker, A.R.H. & Butlin, R.A. (eds) Studies of Field Systems in the British Isles, Cambridge 1973
Countryside Agency, Countryside Character. Volume 6: East of England, Cheltenham 1999
Dark, P., The Environment of Britain in the First Millennium A.D., London 2000
Dyer, C., Making a Living in the Middle Ages. The People of Britain 850-1520, Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2002
Dymond D. & Martin, E. (eds), An Historical Atlas of Suffolk, 3rd ed., Suffolk County Council, Ipswich 1999
Everson P. & T. Williamson (eds), The Archaeology of Landscape, Manchester University Press 1998
Fairclough, J. & Hardy, M., Thornham and the Waveney Valley. An historic landscape explored. Heritage Marketing, Great Dunham 2004.
Faith, R., The English Peasantry and the Growth of Lordship, London 1997
Fowler, P., Farming in the First Millennium AD. British agriculture between Julius Caesar and William the Conqueror, Cambridge University Press 2002.
Gray, H.L., English Field Systems, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1915 (repr. Merlin Press, London, 1959.
Hodge, C.A.H., Burton, R.G.O., Corbett, W.M., Evans R. & Seale, R.S., Soils and their use in Eastern England, Soil Survey of England & Wales Bulletin no. 13, Harpenden 1984
Hooke, D., The Landscape of Anglo-Saxon England, London 1998
Hunter, J., The Essex Landscape. A Study of its Form and History, Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, 1999.
Lewis, C., P. Mitchell-Fox & C. Dyer, Village, Hamlet and Field. Changing Medieval Settlements in Central England, Macclesfield 2001.
Longcroft, A. & Joby, R. (eds) East Anglian Studies, Norwich 1995.
Rackham, O., Trees and Woodland in the British Landscape, London 1980, 1990)
Rackham, O., A History of the Countryside, Dent, London, 1986.
Reynolds, A., Later Anglo-Saxon England. Life and Landscape, Stroud, 1999.
Roberts, B.K. & Wrathmell, S., An Atlas of Rural Settlement in England, English Heritage, London, 2001.
Roberts, B.K. & Wrathmell, S., Region and Place. A study of English rural settlement, English Heritage, London 2002.
Stamp, L.D. & Hoskins. W.G., The Common Lands of England and Wales, Collins, London 1963.
Thirsk, J. (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales, vol. V.1, 1640-1750, Regional Farming Systems, Cambridge 1984


Please phone or email to check the availability of places and then send the application form and a cheque for £38, payable to Wuffing Education to:

Wuffing Education,
4 Hilly Fields,
Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 4DX
(tel : 01394 386498)

Email cliff AT
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We have learnt of the fame of the Wuffing folk-lords of long ago, of how those wolf-kings held the ancestral land of East Anglia....
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